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Thursday, October 22, 2020

Fpm 2000, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 753-756

Skip to main content. Faculty Publications - Theodore Van Duzer. Books T. Van Duzer and C. Turner, Principles of Superconductive Devices and Circuits2 ed. Ramo, J. Whinnery, and T.

Turner, Principles of Superconductive Devices and Circuits1st ed. Wiley, Articles in journals or magazines Q. Liu, K. Fujiwara, X.

Meng, S. Whiteley, T. Van Duzer, N. Yoshikawa, Y. Thakahashi, T. Hikida, and N. Applied Superconductivityvol. Yu, R. Gandikota, R. Singh, L. Gu, D. Smith, X. Meng, X. Zeng, T. Van Duzer, J. Rowell, and N. Newman, " Internally shunted Josephson junctions with barriers tuned near the metal-insulator transition for RSFQ logic applications ," Superconductor Science and Technologyvol.

Yoshikawa, M. Tokuda, T. Tomida, H. Kojima, K. Fujiwara, Q. Liu, and T. SS, May Ahmmed, S. Research on Agricultural Machinery Development in Bangladesh. March Ziauddin, A. Ahmed, M. Design of improved urea supper granule applicator.

A Finite Points Method Approach for Strain Localization Using the Gradient Plasticity Formulation

ISSN Khan, R. And Ziauddin, A. Journal of Agricultural Machinery and Bioresource Engineering. ISSN Vol. Hasan, M. Acta Horticulture. Progressive Agriculture. Hossain, M. Hossain, A. Ziauddin, C. Meisner, M. Tanshen and M. Rahman Development of two wheel tractor operated pick type potato planter for small farmer.

International Journal of Energy Machinery. Jabbar, M. Ziauddin and M. Impact of a targeted project on technology adoption and crop yields of resource poor farmers in Bangladesh. Design and development of power tiller operated cup type potato planter. Journal of Agricultural Engineering,Bangladesh.

Journal of Agril. Machinery and Bioresources Engineering. Rahman, M. Economic evaluation of a Tunnel Type Solar Dryer. Journal of Annals Bangladesh Agriculture. ISSN X, 12 1 : pp Fam Pract Manag. I'm a family physician whose organization is currently undergoing disintegration.

The organization our practice belongs to wants us to buy back our patient charts. However, when we sold our practice to the organization, we were told that the patient charts had no intrinsic value, and the organization didn't pay us for them.

Publications: All Publications

Is it legal to sell charts? Patient charts are considered to be part of the intangible asset value goodwill of the practice, which can be bought and sold with a practice. However, in some states nonphysician entities cannot legally own physician goodwill or patient charts. And, of course, even if the entity can own patient charts, patients always have the right to transfer their records under the state's release-of-information laws. To determine your rights to your patient charts, ask yourself these questions: Is it legal for nonphysician entities to own goodwill in your state?

fpm 2000, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 753-756

Did the company pay you for any goodwill that includes patient charts? If so, how was this determined, and is there a buy-back clause that stipulates how the value is calculated? You may also need a consultant appraisal and an attorney review of the contract to determine your rights.

I'm a family physician resident willing to do obstetrics, and I would like to practice in a rural community. What should I consider to be fair compensation? Physician earnings do fluctuate regionally, but because employers around the country are seeking physicians, the compensation packages they offer should be competitive on a national basis. Little effort is required by billing companies to collect capitation payments since they don't need to follow up on unpaid claims.

So what is an appropriate way to compensate a billing company for capitation payments received? It is appropriate for the billing company to receive some compensation, because the company does produce and submit the HCFA form each time a service is performed. We have always attempted to negotiate a reduced rate for this service.

For instance, for a practice that pays its billing company 8 percent of the fee-for-service receipts the company collects on the practice's behalf, we try to negotiate a rate of 4 percent to 5 percent of capitation revenues for completing and submitting the HCFA forms.

If the billing company is unwilling to cooperate, we will try to make it responsible for verifying that the capitation payment includes every patient listed on the practice's panel and that the payments are at the appropriate contractual rate for each patient's age. Faced with that option, most billing companies will elect to give the practice the reduced rate.

fpm 2000, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 753-756

Unfortunately, that also leaves the practice with the responsibility of verifying the accuracy of capitation payments. I'm a family physician who would like to start doing obstetrics. In some cases, family physicians doing obstetrics must obtain probationary privileges and demonstrate competence before obtaining full, unrestricted privileges. Already a member or subscriber? Log in. This content is owned by the AAFP.

A person viewing it online may make one printout of the material and may use that printout only for his or her personal, non-commercial reference. This material may not otherwise be downloaded, copied, printed, stored, transmitted or reproduced in any medium, whether now known or later invented, except as authorized in writing by the AAFP.

Contact fpmserv aafp. Want to use this article elsewhere? Get Permissions. Read the Issue. Sign Up Now. This supplement from the American Academy of Family Physicians shares learnings from state chapter quality improvement initiatives designed to increase adult pneumococcal vaccination rates.Phenomena having the property of a scale invariance that is, maintaining invariable structure in certain range of scales are typical for biosystems of different levels.

In this review, main manifestations of the scale-invariant phenomena at different levels of biological organization including ontogenetic aspects are stated, and the reasons of such wide distribution of fractal structures in biology are discussed.

Almost all biological systems can be described in terms of synergetics as open nonequilibrium systems that exist due to substance and energy flow passing through them. The phenomenon of self-organization is typical for such dissipative systems; maintenance of energy flow requires the existence of complex structures that emerge spontaneously in the presence of the appropriate gradient.

Critical systems, which form as a results of their activity scale-invariant structures that are a kind of distribution channelsare optimal relative to the efficiency of substance and energy distribution. Thus, scale invariance of biological phenomena is a natural consequence of their dissipative nature. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Rent this article via DeepDyve. Arrhenius, O. Google Scholar. Azovskii, A. Azovsky, A. Berlin, vol. Bak, P. Bedin, V.

Berthelsen, C. A :,vol. Bianciardi, G. Bitler, A. Borda-de-Agua, L. Burlando, B. Cattani, C. Chatzidimitriou-Dreismann, C. Chown, S. Derzhavin, D. Dewey, T.

fpm 2000, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 753-756

Dickson, B. Eid, R. Forum, vol. Elber, R. Feder, E. Ferro, D. Fukushima, A. Fuseler, J. Gautestad, A. Gelashvili, D. Moscow, vol. NNSU, Gladkov, L. V, Kureichik, V.Main navigation Main content. View by author. Lee and G. Shen, X. Fu, G. Giannakis, and N. Gimenez-Febrer, A. Lu, V. Ioannidis, and G. Giannakis, " Graph-adaptive semi-supervised tracking of dynamic processes over switching network modes ," IEEE Transactions on Signal Processingvol.

Ceci, Y. Shen, G. Giannakis, and S. Sun, S. Chen, G. Giannakis, Q. Yang, and Z. Simonetto, E. Dall'Anese, S. Paternain, G. Leus, and G. Ioannidis, A. Zamzam, G. Berberidis and G. Yang, G. Wang, A. Sadeghi, G. Giannakis, and J. Fang, G. Wang, G. Liu, X.Sahin, U. Aksoy, U. IEEE 18th Int. Ilhan, I. Karabulut, L. Moura, D. Panario, A. Bayrak, " Error performance of super-orthogonal space-time trellis codes with transmit antenna selection "Proc.

Conference Centre, Patras, Greece, July Selami Sahin, Mehmet E. Moeneclaey, N. Noels, " Blind phase noise estimation and data detection based on SMC technique and unscented filtering ", European Signal Processing Conference Ozer, H.

Cirpan, N. Karakaya, H. Karabulut, T. Kurt, A. IEEE Int. Communications ICC '06vol. Cirpan, E. Aydin, I. Ozyurt, O. Kucur, I. Georghiades, X. Wang, H. Ozdemir, I. Bayrak, " Super-orthogonal space-time trellis coding with transmit antenna selection "Proc. Kurt, G. Karabulut, A. Yongacoglu, " Flexible tree-search based orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm "Proc.

Yongagoglu, " Estimation of time-varying channels with orthogonal matching pursuit algorithm "Proc. Advances in Wired and Wireless Communicationpp. Yongacoglu, " High resolution estimation of directions of arrival "Proc. Demiroglu, I. Yongacoglu, " Multilevel code design for multistage and parallel decoding schemes for rayleigh fading channels "EEE Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineeringvol. Sen, H.The softening elastoplastic models present an unsuitable behavior after reaching the yield strength: unbounded strain localization.

За голавликами с Kola GX 6.6 UL

Because of the material instability, which is reflected in the loss of ellipticity of the governing partial differential equations, the solution depends on the discretization. The present work proposes to solve this dependency using the meshless Finite Points Method. The strain localization phenomenon is usually a precursor of material failure.

In geomaterials such as soils, concrete, and rocks, strain localization has been observed in many situations such as triaxial tests in the lab and earth excavation processes in the field [ 1 ]. If the classical continuum theory is directly applied to elastoplastic softening materials, a loss of ellipticity of the governing partial differential equations occurs, and the boundary value cannot correctly describe the physical problem [ 2 ].

The strains are localized in zones that have a width related to the characteristic length of the subdomains that are used in the discretization. When these subdomains become smaller, the width of the strain band also decreases without a lower bound.

If the discretization length tends to zero, there is no energy dissipation, which does not make physical sense [ 3 ]. To overcome the loss of ellipticity and the related problems, an implicit or explicit length scale must be incorporated into the material description or the formulation of the boundary value problem [ 4 ].

These kinds of regularization techniques, called localization limiters, are usually based on various forms of enriched continuum theories; see [ 5 — 9 ]. Several proposed strategies consider an internal material length scale. One strategy introduces nonlocal theories and gradient methods into the model [ 10 ].

These concepts can be related by a Taylor series expansion, as shown by Peerlings et al. The nonlocal constitutive theories hold that the local state of the material at a given point may not be sufficient to evaluate the stress at that point.

This statement can be physically justified by the fact that no real material is an ideal continuous medium; on a sufficiently small scale, the effects of heterogeneity and discontinuous microstructure become nonnegligible [ 7 ]. The gradient plasticity formulation [ 12 — 15 ] introduces higher-order gradient terms of a nonlocal variable into the differential equation that governs its evolution. Here, the internal material length scale is implicitly introduced through the regularization parameter.

The choice of the variable to be represented nonlocally depends on the described material behavior and the chosen approach [ 17 — 21 ]. Furthermore, meshless or meshfree methods possess intrinsic nonlocal properties.

The approximation functions are not locally constructed because the support size of the weight function is greater than the nodal spacing; therefore, the approximation is inherently nonlocal. These nonlocal properties are used to incorporate an intrinsic length scale that regularizes the problems of material instabilities [ 4 ].

Meshless methods are a family of numerical techniques that do not require a mesh. In these methods, the body or the domain is discretized using a collection of points. It is divided into the local interpolation subdomains, which are also called clouds.


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